Arctic Climate change

Opportunistic ship source level measurements in the Western Canadian Arctic

Shajahan, N., Halliday, W., Dawson, J., Maksagak, I., Weese, K., Melling, H., Niemi, A., Vagle, S., Williams, B. & Insley, S.


Abstract

Increased ship traffic due to climate change increases underwater noise in the Arctic. Therefore, accurate measurements of underwater radiated noise are necessary to map marine sound and quantify shipping's impact on the Arctic ecosystem. This paper presents a method to calculate opportunistic source levels (SLs) using passive acoustic data collected at six locations in the Western Canadian Arctic from 2018 to 2022. Based on Automatic Identification System data, acoustic data, and a hybrid sound propagation model, the SLs of individual ships were calculated within a 5 km radius of each measurement site. A total of 66 measurements were obtained from 11 unique vessels, with multiple measurements from the same vessel type contributing more SLs. For vessels with propeller cavitation, measured SLs correlated positively with vessel parameters, such as speed and length. SL and speed did not correlate well for vessels without propeller cavitation. The JOMOPANS-ECHO SL model produced good agreement with measured SL for certain ship types (container ships, a tanker, and a passenger vessel). However, significant differences between measurement and model are evident for certain polar-class ships that travel in the Arctic, indicating that more controlled SL measurements are needed.

Recommended citation

Shajahan, N., Halliday, W., Dawson, J., Maksagak, I., Weese, K., Melling, H., Niemi, A., Vagle, S., Williams, B. & Insley, S. (2024). Opportunistic ship source level measurements in the Western Canadian Arctic. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. https://doi.org/10.1121/10.0026361

William Halliday

William Halliday

Conservation Scientist/Arctic Acoustics Program Lead

Stephen Insley

Stephen Insley

 Director of Arctic Conservation